Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated on October 02 every year to commemorate the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi – an Indian lawyer, anti-colonial nationalist, and political ethicist. In India, Mahatma Gandhi’s birthday, 2 October, is a national holiday. Globally, Gandhi’s birthday is celebrated as the International Day of Nonviolence.
On the occasion of Gandhi Jayanti, multiple events like campaigns, rallies, poster-making and speeches are organised in every nook and corner of the country. On this day, educational institutions organise various cultural and academic programmes to inculcate the value of leadership, simplicity, integrity in students.
Students participate in huge numbers in speech and debates on this day. Here’s a sample Gandhi Jayanti Speech that students can refer to:
Gandhi Jayanti Speech
Greetings to all distinguished guests, my teachers and fellow students!
As you all know that today we are here to celebrate Mahatma Gandhi’s 151st Birth Anniversary. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, popularly known as Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869 in Gujarat’s small city Porbandar.
After completing the early education, he went to London for higher studies. Mahatma Gandhi completed his law degree from England and returned to India in 1891. After being unable to start a successful law practice in India, Mahatma Gandhi moved to South Africa in 1893 to represent an Indian merchant in a lawsuit. He went on to stay for 21 years in South Africa and returned to India in 1915.
After coming back to India, he started organising peasants, farmers, and urban labourers to protest against excessive land-tax and discrimination by British government. In 1921, he formed Indian National Congress and led nationwide campaigns for easing poverty, expanding women’s rights, building religious and ethnic amity, ending untouchability, and above all for achieving Swaraj or self-rule.
Gandhi led Indians in challenging the British-imposed salt tax with the 400km Dandi Salt March in 1930, and later in calling for the British to Quit India in 1942. During the 1947 partition of India-Pakistan, Gandhiji helped many displaced Hindus, Muslims, and Sikhs. Some people thought Gandhiji was too accommodating, among them was Nathuram Godse who assassinated Gandhi on 30 January 1948 by firing three bullets into his chest.
The lifestyle of Gandhiji was very simple, he ate simple vegetarian food, and undertook long fasts as a means of self-purification and political protest. He taught lessons of ahimsa (non-violence) to many people across the world.
How to perfect your speech?
Students are advised to write the speech on a paper and start practising it in front of the mirror to increase confidence. Keep your speech concise and strike the right tone to make an impact on the audience.
Gandhi Jayanti Speech in English
Mahatma Gandhi has been given the title of ‘Father of India’ as he took up the path of non-violence to fulfil his goals. An international organisation like United Nations General Assembly has marked his birth anniversary as the International Day of Non-Violence which is October 2. Gandhiji’s life has been an inspiration to many because of the life he led. It is truly incredible how a barrister who was so nervous to make a speech in London court went on to lead the Indian National Movement. Before learning about Gandhi Jayanti, it is important to learn about the man himself.
The full name of Mahatma Gandhi was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He took birth in the state of Gujarat in the town named Porbandar. The legacy which Gandhiji has left behind still impacts the people living in modern times. His relentlessness and hard-work to achieve Swaraj are truly commendable. Not only that, but Gandhiji also worked to get rid of other social evils to make India an inclusive country.
He worked tirelessly to remove the system of untouchability which was very prevalent back then. Moreover, he also empowered women and worked to enhance the economic condition of Indian farmers in addition to much more.
Not only that, he played a pivotal role in 3 major movements. They were the Non-cooperation movement, Dandi March and the Quit India Movement. In other words, he is one of the most important figures to help India get freedom from British rule.
Nothing trampled Gandhiji’s spirit even though he was imprisoned and discriminated against badly by the Britishers. Even though his body was frail, his ambitions were stronger. He surprised everyone with his undying determination by walking 440 km on foot to defy the salt tax. These are just some of the contributions of the man to Indian history.
Gandhi Jayanti Celebrations
The whole country of India joyfully celebrates Gandhi Jayanti. The government has declared it a gazetted holiday and all schools, colleges, offices, banks, etc. remain closed. The cremation place of Mahatma Gandhi, Raj Ghat, is decorated with garlands and flowers on this day. People from all over the world pay homage to this great leader on Gandhi Jayanti.
Ahead of his birth anniversary, many schools organise various events that revolve around his great life. Students participate in various competitions of essay writing, slogan writing, poster making, and more. All these are based on the great works of Mahatma Gandhi.
Moreover, they also educate them about the teachings of the great leader. It is an important day for every Indian as Gandhi Jayanti gave us one of the greatest human beings to ever walk this earth.
In all offices, both private and government, people celebrate Gandhi Jayanti with equal zeal and nationalism. They put garlands on the statue or portrait of Mahatma Gandhi and pay respect to him. Some of the offices also give out sweets on Gandhi Jayanti.
It would be fair to say that Gandhiji was indeed the greatest person to support democracy. He did not let anything deter his fight for independence and eradication of social issues. His principles of truth and non-violence and not just limited to India, in fact, the whole world follow him and his teachings. Although he was assassinated, it only killed his body because his ideas live on in the hearts of people.