OPSC ASCO Syllabus 2024 and Exam Pattern, Syllabus Topics

Odisha Public Service Commission (OPSC) is going to conduct OPSC ASCO Exam 2024 in offline mode to select candidates for the post of Assistant Soil Conservation Officer in Odisha. To succeed in this exam, candidates must be familiar with the OPSC ASCO syllabus 2024 and exam pattern. Understanding these will enable candidates to create a structured study plan, which will increase their chances of scoring high marks. Effective preparation is important to perform well in the exam and get favorable results.

OPSC ASCO Syllabus 2024 & Exam Pattern

OPSC ASCO Exam 2024 is a state level exam conducted in Odisha. Candidates preparing for this exam must be aware of the updated syllabus and exam pattern. The selection process for OPSC ASCO Recruitment 2024 includes a written exam followed by an interview. The written exam lasts for 2 hours and 30 minutes and consists of multiple choice questions (MCQs). The written exam is divided into two papers: Paper I and Paper II. There is no negative marking on each paper. Detailed information about OPSC ASCO Syllabus 2024 and Pattern is given below for all the candidates appearing for this exam.

OPSC ASCO Syllabus 2024 – Key Highlights
Organization Odisha Public Service Commission (OPSC)
Name of the Exam OPSC ASCO Exam 2024
post name Assistant Soil Conservation Officer
Type of question Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)
Duration 2 hours and 30 minutes
Negative Marking No
Exam Mode Offline
Selection Process Written Test and Interview
official website https://www.opsc.gov.in/

OPSC ASCO Exam Pattern 2024

The OPSC ASCO exam pattern 2024 consists of two papers. Paper I consists of 100 questions, each carrying one mark, making up a total of 100 marks. Similarly, Paper-II also consists of 100 questions, each carrying one mark, making up another 100 marks. In total, the exam consists of 200 questions and carries a maximum of 200 marks.

OPSC ASCO Exam Pattern 2024
Papers Number of questions Mark Duration
Paper-I 100 100 90 minutes (2 hours and 30 minutes)
Paper II 100 100
Total 200 200 90 minutes

OPSC ASCO Syllabus 2024

The OPSC ASCO Syllabus 2024 for Assistant Soil Conservation Officer written exam allows candidates to choose one subject from Agriculture, Agricultural Engineering, Forestry or Horticulture. The updated syllabus for Assistant Soil Conservation Officer written exam includes detailed units and topics for both Paper I and Paper II within these chosen subjects. Below are the specific units and topics for each subject, providing a comprehensive guide for candidates preparing for the exam.

OPSC ASCO Syllabus for Agriculture

OPSC ASCO Syllabus for Agriculture, for both Paper I and Paper II, includes topics such as Soil Agricultural Processes, General Agriculture, Agroforestry, and Soil & Water Conservation etc.


Unit I – General Agriculture: Importance, trends in agriculture and allied sectors, current problems and remedial measures, Government policies.

Unit II – Natural resources: Land water, forests, energy – their use, exploitation, conservation, equitable use of resources for sustainable lifestyles: Plant ecosystems: Biodiversity and its conservation: Environmental pollution: Natural calamities and their management: Organic farming and sustainable agriculture: Conservation agriculture: Agricultural waste management: Climate change and agriculture.

Unit III – Soil agricultural processes; Soil physical properties: Capacity structure, density and porosity, Soil water retention, movement and availability; Soil reaction-pH, soil acidity and alkalinity; Soil organic matter: Effect on soil properties and soil fertility, Soil organisms: macro and micro organisms, their beneficial and harmful effects; Soil pollution: Behaviour, prevention and mitigation of pesticides and inorganic pollutants; Soil quality and health.

Unit IV – Weather and crop growth; Ploughing and tilling; Modern concepts of tillage; Seed and sowing: Cropping systems and Integrated farming systems; Crop nutrition: Essential nutrients – their functions in plants and deficiency symptoms; Nutrient sources: Organic manures-fertilizers- biofertilizers- integrated nutrient management; Water and weed management in the field; Horticultural and plantation crops; Plant protection; Harvesting, storage and value addition.

Unit V – Economic Importance: Production and Protection Technology of Important Field Crops – Importance and scope of Rice, Maize, Ragi, Pulses and Oilseeds, Cotton, Sugarcane, Potato, Fruit and Plantation Crops, Production and Protection Technologies for Cultivation of Fruit and Plantation Crops – Mango, Banana, Citrus, Guava, Litchi, Papaya, Pineapple, Pomegranate, Jackfruit, Coconut, Arecanut, Cashew, Tea, Coffee, Rubber: Nursery Techniques and their Management: Nutrition Gardens.

Paper II

Unit I – Agroforestry-objectives and prospects; Agroforestry systems-sub-systems and practices; Planning for agroforestry-constraints, diagnosis and design methods, Selection of tree crop species for agroforestry; Agroforestry for food, fodder, fuel and nutrition security, Soil improvement-carbon sequestration, micro-climate improvement, Industrial requirement

Unit II – Rainfed agriculture: problems and prospects; Rainfall analysis: drought-classification, causes and effects, drought management strategies; Crops and cropping systems, Soil moisture and rain water conservation-in-situ and outdoor storage, water harvesting and recycling, contingency crop planning during extreme weather conditions, Dryland horticulture: Catchment planning based on land capability classes and hydrological data, Catchment delimitation and priority setting: Water budgeting in catchments: Integrated catchment management- concept, objectives components, cultivable land agriculture and horticulture, non-cultivable land-forestry, fisheries and animal husbandry, Catchment area programme- execution, follow-up methods, maintenance, monitoring and evaluation; Participatory catchment area management role of catchment area associations, user groups and self help groups and preparation of project proposal for catchment area management programme including cost-benefit analysis.

Unit III – Soil and Water Conservation- Issues and Importance: Causes and Agents of Soil Erosion: Water Corrosion: Hydrological cycle, Precipitation and its forms, Runoff estimation, Forms of water erosion, Classification of Drains and control measures, Principles of erosion control: Contouring, Strip cropping, Contour Bund, Graded Bund and Bench terracing, Grassed water courses and their design: Water Harvesting Principles, Importance and Techniques: Runoff Harvesting-Short term and long term techniques: Water Harvesting Structures, Agricultural Ponds-Percolation Ponds-Dug and Embankment, Types of Reservoirs, Tanks and Subsurface Dams: Wind Erosion: Mechanics of wind erosion, Types of soil movements, Principles of wind erosion control and its control measures.

Unit IV – Wastelands-causes, distribution and sustainable wasteland development, Government policies, participatory approaches; Afforestation, Shifting cultivation, Optimal land use options: Reclamation of saline, sodic, acidic, waterlogged, eroded, compacted, flood prone, polluted soils and mine spoils: Desertification-effects and causes, prevention and control measures; Bio-remediation of soils through multipurpose tree species.

Unit V – Protected cultivation; importance and scope, controlled conditions, methods and techniques, canopy management, irrigation and fustigation, liquid fertilizers and their solubility and compatibility, pest and disease management: production of quality planting material, cultivation of high value crops in greenhouses and off-season production, components of precision fairing: remote sensing geographical information system (GIS), differential geo-positioning system (DGPS), variable rate applicator (VRA), applications of precision fairing in agriculture; remote sensing and GIS in diagnosis and management of problem soils: land capability and land suitability classification.

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