Structure of the atmosphere, solar radiation and heat balance, horizontal and vertical temperature distribution, temperature inversion, air pressure belt, wind system, movement of the wind belt, local winds, humidity and precipitation, type of precipitation, cyclone and anticyclone, climate classification according to Koeppen and Thornthwaite, main climate regions of the world.
International structure of rock types, plate tectonic theory, volcanoes and earthquake folds, faults and resulting topography, WM Davis’ concept of the erosion cycle, works of rivers, groundwater, sea and glaciers.
Ocean deposits, temperature and salinity of ocean water, ocean currents, tides and waves, coral islands and coral reefs, origin, distribution and environmental importance.
Concept of the ecosystem, terrestrial ecosystem types and their distribution, deforestation – problems and conservation, disaster types and management.
Effects of human-environment interactions through technology agriculture, industrial and information revolution, population growth and distribution patterns, demographic transition theory, rural and urban settlements.
Concept and classification of resources, principles of resource conservation, water, soil minerals and energy, uses, problems and their conservation. Geographical conditions, world distribution, production and trade, main crops – rice, wheat, cotton, sugar cane, tea, coffee and rubber Important agricultural regions of the world, Important industrial regions of the world, location factors of industries, main theories of industrial locations, international trade, wholesale, blocks, important international transport routes and ports.
Cultural elements, large cultural spaces. Races and tribes.
Concept and types of regions salient features of the developed and developing countries of the word research of some selected regions of the world – Anglo, America, European Community, Russia, China, Japan, Southeast Asia and Southwest Asia
The geographical features of India – relief drainage system, climate, natural vegetation and soil.
Important mineral resources – iron – ore. Mica. Bauxite atomic minerals and energy resources,
Major agricultural crops of food crops and any crop, recent trends in agriculture, irrigation, and multipurpose projects. Industrial development, industrial region, industrial policy, location distribution, production and problems of the main industries iron and steel, cotton textiles, cement, sugar and paper
Regional patterns of population growth and population distribution, related problems and their solutions, regional differences in development – causes and remedial measures, states of reorganization – problems and their solution.
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