UPSC CSE Key – Jan 13, 2022: What To Read Today

COVER PAGE

Food prices are driving retail inflation to 6-month highs

Curriculum:

Preliminary examination: Economic and social development

Main exam: General Studies III: Indian Economy and Planning, Mobilization, Resources, Growth, Development and Employment Issues.

Important points to think about:

• Inflation and different types of inflation

• Causes of inflation

• Long-term, medium-term and short-term effects of inflation

• How is inflation measured in India?

• What do you understand by Wholesale Price Index (WPI) and Consumer Price Index?

• What is CPI Based Inflation or Retail Inflation?

• New standard for measuring inflation in India and old standard for measuring key inflation differentials

• Influence of the money supply on economic inflation or deflation?

• Steps or actions taken by the Government of India to control inflation

• National Bureau of Statistics (NSO) – About, Vision, Mission and Role

Other important articles on the same topic:

📍 Explain the speaking: Why (soft) politicians prefer retail (over wholesale) inflation

📍 What is consumer price index (CPI) inflation?

SC announces battle of words and names the head of the probe team

Curriculum:

Preliminary examination: Indian politics and government

Main exam:

• General Studies II: Questions and challenges of the federal structure

• General Studies III: Various security forces and agencies and their mandate

Important points to think about:

• Justice Indu Malhotra Committee set up by the Supreme Court

• Sudhir Kumar Saxena Committee of the Union Government and Mehtab Singh Gill Committee of the Punjab Government

• Know the basic-center-state relationships and the federal structure in India

• Prime Minister of India – Power and Functions

• Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) – the hub of Indian administration, how?

Other important articles on the same topic:

📍 Explained: How is the Prime Minister’s security planned and what exactly went wrong in Punjab?

While ISRO is preparing for the manned mission, its new boss is a man for the time being

Curriculum:

Preliminary examination: Current events of national and international importance.

Main exam: General Studies III: Achievement of Indians in Science and Technology; Indigenization of technology and development of new technologies.

Important points to think about:

• Personality in the News – Dr. S. Somanath

• The Indian Manned Space Program (IHSP) and Gaganyaan – About and Main Features

• Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) – Background, Achievements, and Upcoming Missions

Other important articles on the same topic:

📍 To the point: Dr. S. Somanath, Director, VSSC, ISRO

📍 ISRO aims to have Gaganyaan launch before Independence Day, Chandrayan 3 by mid-2023

📍 2022 is full of first steps to the moon

EXPRESS NETWORK

Delhi HC wants to hear plea as Center says other forms of Talaq are not illegal by law

Curriculum:

Preliminary examination: Indian politics and government

Main exam: General Studies II: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising from their design and implementation.

Important points to think about:

• What do you understand by the term “Triple Talaq”?

• Judgment of the Supreme Court of India on Shayara Bano v Union of India & Others

• Muslim Women (Protection of Marriage Rights) Act, Top Highlights of 2019

• Talaq-e-Ahsan, Talaq-e-Hasan and Talaq-e-Biddat – Three Types of Divorce Under Islamic Law and What Is The Difference Between Them?

• What type of talaq falls under the Muslim Women (Protection of Marriage Rights) Act 2019?

• Talaq-e-Ahsan, Talaq-e-Hasan and Talaq-e-Biddat – Current situation, problems and challenges

• Article 44 of the Indian Constitution and ongoing debate on the Uniform Civil Code

Other important articles on the same topic:

📍 What is Instant Triple Talaq?

📍 A misunderstanding of the Triple Talaq Law leads to its abuse

EXPRESS NETWORK

Hate speech: SC informs center, Uttarakhand government, Delhi police

Curriculum:

Preliminary examination: Indian politics and government

Main exam: General Studies II: Indian Constitution, Important Aspects of Governance

Important points to think about:

• What is “hate speech”?

• Law Commission of India on “Hate Speech”

• Article 19 of the Constitution

• Laws that restrict freedom of expression

• Effects of hate speech on freedom of expression

• International legal system for hate speech

• International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 1966 and Article 21 of the Constitution

• Hate speech and democracy

• India’s Supreme Court on Hate Speech (Pravasi Bhalai Sangathan v Union of India, 2014)

Other important articles on the same topic:

📍 HATE APPS MUST BE CONDEMNED: UN OFFICIAL

📍 hate speech

📍 Dharma Sansad and Mahamandaleshwar: who they are, what role they play

THE EDITORIAL SITE

Salil’s story

Curriculum:

Preliminary examination: Economic and social development

Main exam: General Studies III: Inclusive Growth and Problems That Come From It.

Important points to think about:

• What is gig economy?

• Gig Worker in India – Problems and Challenges

• Labor laws and labor law reforms in India

• Recommendations of the National Working Commission and their implementation

• India’s Supreme Court on Gig Workers

• Disorganized Workers and Gig Workers – Key Differences?

• Wages Code, 2019 Key Provisions

• Labor Relations Code, 2020 Key Features

• Social Security Code, 2020 Key Features

• Code of Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions, 2020 – Main Features

Other important articles on the same topic:

📍 Why gig worker benefits need to be accelerated

📍 High demand, work control attracted gig workers; now the focus is rotating around the right

📍 The e-Shram registration is a stepping stone to the protection of informal workers

THE IDEAS PAGE

Take the fair call

Curriculum:

Preliminary examination: Current events of national and international importance.

Main exam: General Studies III: Changes in industrial policy and its impact on industrial growth.

Important points to think about:

• Telecommunications Sector in India – Background, Problems and Challenges

• Spectrum Auction In India – How Is It Done?

• What is Adjusted Gross Sales (EGR)?

• The Union Government Telecom Reform Package – What is it and why did the government develop this package?

• Why has the financial position of Vodafone and other telecommunications companies deteriorated?

• Supreme Court of India on Adjusted Gross Income

• What do you understand by the terms “interest deferred frequency auction payments” and “adjusted gross revenues”?
(AGR) to equity “?

• Indian Telecommunications Regulator (TRAI) – Role, Vision, Independent Body or Under a Ministry?

• Department of Telecommunications (DoT) – role, functions and powers, independent or subordinate to a ministry?

Other important articles on the same topic:

📍 Government will hold Vi shares through SUUTI, process will be completed in “coming”
months

📍 Explained: What is EGR? How will it affect Airtel, Vodafone Idea?

📍 Explained: Unpacking the telecommunications reform package

📍 Explained: What are Spectrum Auctions and what can happen in the upcoming auction?

So that order prevails

Curriculum:

Preliminary examination: Indian polis

Main exam: General Studies II: Functions and responsibilities of the Union and of the States, delegation of powers and finances at the local level and challenges therein.

Important points to think about:

• Know the Basics – Seventh Appendix to the Constitution of India

• Articles 245 and 246 of the Constitution of India

• What do you understand by Union List, State List and Concurrent List?

• Government of India Act, 1935 and Seventh Appendix to the Constitution

• Various Center-State Relations Committees – the main highlights

Other important articles on the same topic:

📍 Declared: Disputes between States and Article 131

📍 Explained ideas: How to sustainably improve the relationships between the center and the state

EXPLAINED

Strategy and ambition: During Wang Yi’s visit, China’s long Africa game

Curriculum:

Preliminary examination: Current events of national and international importance.

Main exam: General Studies II: Influence of Politics and Politics in Developed and Developing Countries on India’s Interests

Important points to think about:

• Working on a map, look for Eritrea, Kenya, and the Comoros

• China’s Growing Influence in Africa – Impact on India?

• China in Africa – A New Form of Colonialism or Neocolonialism?

• India and Africa – bilateral relations

Other important articles on the same topic:

📍 Is China a new colonial power?

📍 China in Africa: Win-Win Development or New Colonialism?

THE WORLD

The trenches remain deep in the recent talks between Russia and NATO on Ukraine

Curriculum:

Preliminary examination: Current events of national and international importance.

Main exam: General Studies II: Influence of Politics and Politics in Developed and Developing Countries on India’s Interests

Important points to think about:

• USA-Russia and Ukraine crisis

• Russia’s demand / proposals – the main highlights

• annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation

• Crimean crisis 2014

• Strategic location of Crimea – why is it important for Russia?

• Ukraine, NATO, USA and Russia – where are we going?

• Article 5 of the founding treaty of NATO (collective security)

• India’s stance on the Ukraine crisis

• India and Ukraine – bilateral relations

• How can India help the US and Russia maintain “peace” in this conflict?

Other important articles on the same topic:

📍 Explained: What are the Minsk agreements on the Ukraine conflict?

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